The Stonehenge Carvings

Many Neolithic stone tombs and monuments display elaborate carvings of spirals, lozenges, waves and other beautiful abstract designs. Some of these monuments are centuries older than Stonehenge, such as Ireland’s Newgrange and Loughcrew or the Carnac tombs in Brittany, France. The meaning of these carvings eludes us. Some think they represent the sun, moon, stars and planets. Possibly they had ritual significance or were  prehistoric versions of family crests.

But despite its otherwise elegant design, Stonehenge remains unadorned, except for  mysterious carvings on some of its uprights of axe heads, shapes unlike those on any other Neolithic monument. Furthermore, these carvings are closer to ground level than to the tops of the stones, suggesting they were made after the stones were erected.

Scroll XI of The Stonehenge Scrolls offers a possible explanation of what these axe head carvings mean and how they came to be.